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Sunday, December 31, 2017

God's Truths and Judgment part 2 podcast


I hope you each had a blessed and memorable Christmas. The new year is upon us. Now would be a good time to reflect on your past year with God, ask Him to show you any hidden sin, ask forgiveness, and then recommit yourself to Him and His tasks for this coming year. 

Today a new podcast was uploaded. It is the Bible study titled God's Truths and Judgment part 2. If you have been following the written Bible studies, you will have seen it come online about a month ago. This edition is the podcast of the Bible study. If you like listening to Bible studies or know someone who does, tell them about these podcasts and encourage them to grow in the walk with the Lord by using these written Bible studies and podcasts or in some other Bible study.

This is the link for this new podcast. I pray you will learn something new, be blessed, and be challenged to obedience in your walk with the Lord this year.


Friday, December 22, 2017

PODCAST of God's Truths and Judgment part 1

Hello everyone,

I hope you are ready to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ next week. We have already been celebrating singing Christmas carols and enjoying the company of friends over meals, games, and movies.

A new podcast went online today called God's Truths and Judgment part 1 taken from Romans 2:1-4. You can listen to this podcast by clicking the title below. 

During this holiday season and for the first 5 weeks of 2018, I will not be writing new Bible studies. I will be helping take care of our newborn grandson instead. But, I will be recording new podcasts from other Bible studies I have written, particularly the Bible study series on prayer. 

You can keep up with these podcasts by clicking on and putting into your saved folder this web address, 

Alternatively, you can go to the podcast website and become a follower then automatic notifications will arrive in your email each time a new podcast is available.

May you each recognize the love of the Lord during this season and look up God with awe, reverence, and love.

Be blessed,
Gail Suratt Davis

Friday, December 15, 2017

New Podcasts from December 15, 2017 through February 9, 2018

Hello friends,

For the next two months, I will not be in a place where I can study the Bible and write new Bible studies. I will, however, be able to upload podcasts.

From today, December 15th, through February 9, 2018, I will upload Bible study podcasts each week. The next couple of weeks will be a continuation of the Romans Bible study podcasts. After that, Bible studies on prayer, praying, and the person who prays will be the topics of the podcasts.

The new podcast for this week comes from our Romans Bible studies. Find it here.

Please continue to join me and thousands of other people around the world as we study the Bible. You can listen to the podcasts at this website.

During this time, you can also chat with me on my Facebook page. This is the website for it.

Also, this weekend only, from Saturday, December 16th, through Sunday, December 17th, my newest book will be free to download from Amazon on Kindle. You can find it at this website.

During this holiday season, I pray the Lord blesses you with the knowledge of His presence and the glory of His grace as you remember His love that was born that Christmas day.

Grace and Peace,
Gail Suratt Davis

Friday, December 8, 2017

God's Truths and Judgment (part 2)


With the start of Romans 2, Paul began specifically speaking to Jews and Greeks, not just the pagans of Romans 1. He stated four main truths of God in chapter two and emphasized them with rhetorical questions. The four main truths are in verses two, eleven, sixteen, and twenty-nine. Paul said in verse two, “And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things.” In verse eleven, he wrote, “For there is no partiality with God.” With verse sixteen, Paul emphasized God’s omniscience by saying, “God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus.” He concluded this chapter, but not the thought, by saying in verse twenty-nine, “Circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, and not by the letter; and his [the righteous person] praise is not from men, but from God.”

In the previous Bible study of Romans 2:1-4, we learned from Paul God’s truths and judgment, and truths about humankind. The four basic truths in this chapter speak of God’s righteousness, justice, and impartiality, the unrighteousness of each person, and God’s mercy and grace. In verses one through four, two statements of fact/truth occur-God bases His judgment on truth and all people are sinners. Verse one speaks on the unrighteousness of people while verse two tells about the righteousness of God and His judgments. Paul’s rhetorical questions of verses three and four point out the truths of verses one and two. The first question asks, will you or anyone escape judgment? The second question, which comes from verse four, asks, do you disregard the riches of God’s kindness? In these four verses, Paul taught the Roman saints and other hearers and readers that each person sins and those sins separate him/her from God. He explained God sees the sins of each person. This sinfulness disqualifies anyone from judging or condemning another person for his/her sins. Only a righteous person can judge and condemn and no one is righteous except God. This means only God is qualified to judge, and His judgments are right. Yet, Paul said, God wants every person to receive salvation. He said in verse four, “The kindness of God leads you to repentance.” God wants no one to perish and be separated permanently from Him because of his/her sins.

These truths led Paul to continue to lay a theological foundation in verses five through eleven. With verse five, Paul explained God’s judgment occurs because of stubbornness and the unrepentant hearts of people. He then taught God judges based on the deeds of people in verses six through ten. With verse eleven, Paul instructed again that God is righteous and impartial. God is the only qualified Judge because He is righteous. With the next Bible study, in verses twelve and thirteen, Paul explained God’s judgment is fair. He bases His judgment of each person on the revelation given to him/her. This laid the groundwork for understanding hearing God’s Laws does not make a person righteous, but instead doing them out of obedience and love, with one's heart. This statement means the Jews were not the only ones for whom God gives His grace and mercy through the Messiah. The Jews would be accountable to the Law God gave them, which they continually failed to follow. God would hold the pagans and Greeks accountable to the revelation given them through nature and God’s continual active creative process and the conscience He gives each person. Paul will finally arrive at the point where he says no person can keep the Law, or follow the natural laws and ethics God gives without a changed heart. With this overview of Romans 2:5-11, let’s delve into these verses.

God’s Judgment of an Unrepentant Heart

In Romans 2:5, Paul said,
But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.
[Note: All Bible passages are from the New American Standard Bible unless otherwise noted.]

Understand that in Romans 2:1-4, Paul said God’s judgment comes on people because of truth. The truths he spoke of are God is righteous and able to judge with fairness, and humanity is unrighteous and cannot be an impartial judge. In the next verses, he said the judgment of God comes on people because of their works/deeds. Because of something people do, Paul said people will receive God’s wrath. The actions of the people come from a stubborn and unrepentant heart, he said. Remember, Jesus said what comes from the heart of a person makes him/her unclean. A stubborn and unrepentant heart does not act righteously.

The word “stubbornness” Paul used in verse five comes from the Greek word sklerotes. Sklerotes means hardness of heart, obstinacy, and perverseness. The literal meaning of this word is “hard from being dry.” Paul gave the word greater meaning by adding the word “unrepentant” or “impenitent.” The word “unrepentant” comes from the Greek word ametanoetos. Ametanoetos means no repenting or changing of the inner man, no changing of the mind, and thinking differently. For Hebrews, hardness of heart-stubbornness-was what the rabbis and teachers preached and taught against. In Deuteronomy 10:16, Moses taught the Israelites not to be stubborn. Instead, he told them to circumcise their hearts. In Romans 2:5, Paul aligned himself with this thought. Actions against God come not just from stubbornness, but from an unrepentant or unchanged inner being-an unchanged heart. The Law of God required the circumcision of the Jews’ flesh. To be a child of God, the Holy Spirit must circumcise a person’s heart. Moses spoke of circumcision of the heart in Leviticus 26:4, too. Jeremiah said in Jeremiah 4:4, “Circumcise yourself to the LORD and remove the foreskins of your heart.” Paul joined these men with Romans 2:5 when he said the people had stubborn and unrepentant hearts. Circumcising the flesh according to the Law of God does not save a person from God’s wrath. Circumcision of the heart, that is being a child of God like Abraham by faith, saves a person. This shows itself by obedience to God that comes from love of Him by a person. Jesus said this in John 14:15 when He said, “If you love Me keep My commandments.” John the apostle said in 2 John 1:6, “And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it.”

Paul continued with this thought of verse five and said because of their stubborn and unrepentant hearts, they stored up wrath for themselves in the day of judgment. The listeners and readers of Paul’s letter, he said, built up layer upon layer of judgment for themselves because of their unrepentant and stubborn hearts shown through their actions. The judgment for their stubbornness and unrepentant hearts is God’s wrath that comes through His righteousness. This word “wrath” comes from the Greek word orge. It means anger, passion, punishment, and vengeance. Orge is a settled anger proceeding from swelled anger that built up. It’s not an outburst, but a controlled, passionate feeling against sin. God’s mercy and kindness kept Him from punishing the sinners hoping they would turn to Him for forgiveness and salvation. People continue to sin and God’s judgment of those multiplied sins amasses and swells His anger against sin. This is God’s righteous wrath. This wrath against sin will be His righteous judgment against each person.

Paul told them when this judgment for their stubborn and unrepentant hearts would come. He said it would come on the day of wrath and revelation. The Hebrews looked forward to the day of the Lord when God would defeat their enemies and save them. They often forgot the day of the Lord would come upon all people, not just their enemies. People forget they deserve judgment, too. God will judge all people on the day of the Lord, the day of wrath and revelation. This day of revelation, Paul said, would be a revealing, an uncovering. The Greek word for “revelation” is apokalupsis. It means an unveiling, uncovering, revealing. Bible authors primarily used this word for the revelation of Jesus Christ and especially God’s will. David used it in Psalm 110:5. Paul used it in 2 Corinthians 5:10 and 2 Thessalonians 1:5. Jude spoke of it in Jude 1:6. This day of wrath and revelation would not be a time for God’s anger to run rampant like that of humans or how people imagined their false gods would punish. It would come from God’s righteous judgment, the judgment Paul spoke of in Romans 2:2. Remember, in Romans 2:2, Paul said, “And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things.” God bases His judgment on His standard of right and wrong considering His eternal morality known through natural laws, conscience, and His Laws, that is through His revelation of them and Himself.

In Romans 2:5, Paul turned the thoughts about the day of judgment and righteousness upon its head. He turned the Jews ideas backwards. Paul said, instead of them storing up treasures/rewards for themselves in heaven, their failure to recognize the need for a more radical repentance and total turning to God caused them to store up not “good” things in heaven, but “wrath.” The day of God’s judgment would bring judgment upon themselves and not just their enemies. The Jews and others who thought they did “good enough” would show their supposed “righteous” works did not meet the mark of God’s standards. People will understand they can do nothing of their own merit to earn reward in God’s kingdom. Everyone is unrighteous. Righteousness requires a heart turned toward God.

Questions for Reflection:
·         What do you do that you consider good or righteous?
·         When you consider that action, does it truly fall within the category of what God considers righteous? Maybe it’s self-serving or ego-centric.
·         Have you stopped to ask God what He wants you to do today instead of figuring it out for yourself?
·         You might think of good things to do, but God knows what is best and what truly is needed.
·         Stop and ask God for His guidance on what is best and what He wants you to do.
·         Are you storing up wrath and judgment or glory, honor, and peace from God?

God’s Judgment of Deeds

In verse five, Paul said God will judge a person based upon his/her heart. In the next five verses, he returns to teaching God will also judge people based on their actions/deeds. Paul said in verses six through ten,
Who will render to every man according to his deeds: to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life; but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation. There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek, but glory and honor and peace to every man who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.
Verse six carries forward from verse five. Paul said, God, by His righteous judgment, will give according to each person’s deeds. The two-word verb “will render” comes from the Greek word apodidomiIt means to give from, as in to return as a payment or award/reward in relation to the source of the giving back.  People get from God what they deserve. Based on a person’s actions/deeds, God will give to him/her what he/she earned on judgment day-either wrath or treasures. We understand this better when we understand the Greek word behind our English word “according.” This word, “according,” comes from the Greek word kata. Kata is something that comes down from a higher plane to a lower plane. It is a reward given from someone higher to someone lower based on his/her actions, words, and thoughts. Paul said God will give back as payment right rewards for each persons’ deeds from His righteous judgment right rewards-either wrath and indignation, or treasures. David, Solomon, and Jesus each taught this idea. David said in Psalm 62:12, “You reward everyone according to what they have done.” Solomon said in Proverbs 24:12, “If you say, ‘But we knew nothing about this,’ does not He who weighs the heart perceive of it? Does not He who guards your life know it? Will He not repay everyone according to what they have done?” Jesus said in Matthew 16:27, “For the Son of Man is going to come in His Father’s glory with His angels, and then He will reward each person according to what they have done.” God sees each person, their deeds and heart, and will render the reward according to them.

Questions for reflection:
·         What do you deserve for what you have done? Be honest.
·         What does God offer you through the life, death, and resurrection of His Son, Jesus the Messiah?

For Seeking God’s Ways

Paul continued with verse seven explaining what God would give back to a person for his/her actions. He said, “To those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life.” This word “perseverance” comes from the Greek word hupomone. It means endurance, patient waiting for, and unswerved from a person’s deliberate purpose and loyalty to faith and piety by even the greatest trials and sufferings. A person who perseveres to God’s righteous laws in his/her heart by action and word will do good and receive a righteous reward from Him. This “doing going” describes a person’s thoughts, actions, and words that originate with God and which He empowered in the person’s life. Jesus spoke of this in parable form in Luke 8:15 when teaching about planting seeds on good soil. The writer of Hebrews spoke of this perseverance in doing God’s will and receiving His promised reward in Hebrews 10:36.

For the person who steadfastly stands for what God calls righteous, seeks out His righteous will, and seeks to bring glory and honor to Him, God will give the reward He promised, eternal life. In seeking to bring glory and honor to God, this person brings glory and honor to him/herself (Romans 2:10 & Hebrews 2:7). This person seeks God’s approval, not man’s. Peter spoke about the willingness to go through trials saying that proves their faith. He said in 1 Peter 1:7, “That the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which is perishable, even though tested by fire, may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.”

The reward for this steadfastness to God and His righteousness, Paul said, is eternal life. Eternal life is ageless and unending. Paul told Timothy in 2 Timothy 1:10, Christ destroyed death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. Jesus’ destruction of death by His resurrection means He has power over death and can reward it to the children of God. Though people by nature have perishable bodies, God can raise them to imperishable bodies. This means flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, but must put on the imperishable that God gives through His forgiveness of a person’s sins when they repent and believe in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior. When a person does this, he/she inherits an imperishable body through Christ (1 Corinthians 15:42).

The reward for following God and seeking His righteousness is eternal life. Seeking God and His will in thought, action, and word is living by God’s moral standard. What people think is best may not be what God considers is best. When we seek God’s way and are God’s children, we reap the reward of eternal life.

Questions for reflection:
·         Do you seek honor and glory now while on earth?
·         Or rather, do you seek God’s best bringing glory and honor to Him?
·         If you are a child of God through faith, your eternal reward will be honor and glory while in His presence for eternity.

For Seeking Selfish Ambition

Whenever Paul taught about living God’s ways, he always juxtaposed it against the ways of sinful humanity. In verse seven, he taught about the reward for persevering in doing good and seeking God’s glory and honor. With verse eight, Paul taught about seeking to do things that puts one’s self first and God’s resultant judgment of those people who do. He said, “But to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation.”

Contrasted to verse seven’s teaching about seeking to do good according to God, Paul taught about selfish ambition. “Selfish ambition” comes from the Greek word eritheia. It means seeking followers or adherents by giving gifts. A person who does this seeks fame and followers, notoriety from people. This person does not seek to bring God glory and honor, but to bring him or herself glory and honor. He or she puts his/her self-interest ahead of what the Lord declares is right or best for people. Often, this scramble for fame or followers results in harm to one or more people. Each of us has heard of people who seek fame and followers not caring that they are twisting the truth of God or potentially harming people physically, mentally, emotionally, or spiritually. Paul spoke of this selfish ambition in 2 Corinthians 12:20, Galatians 5:20, and Philippians 1:17 & 2:3. James spoke of it in James 3:14-16. He said it does not come down from heaven but is “earthly, unspiritual, demonic.” Seeking to promote self and not seeking God’s will brings God’s judgment, the opposite of the reward Paul taught in verse seven.

Paul continued to define this person who will receive the opposite reward of eternal life. He said these people “do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness.” “Obey” comes from the Greek word apeitheo (ap-i-theh-o) and means disobey, rebel, disloyal. Its literal meaning is to refuse to allow the Lord to persuade you. These people who do not obey choose purposely to rebel against what they know the Lord wants. They turn their backs on Him and His truths. These truths of God are divine truths revealed to humankind through God’s creation and continuing creative process, through the human conscience, through the Law, and through Jesus Christ. These rebellious, disobedient people choose not to believe, to turn their backs on God, and to delight in wickedness. God will condemn them, Paul said in 2 Thessalonians 2:12. The people who seek selfish ambition obey unrighteousness. They violate God’s standards and cause His divine disapproval.

For these selfishly ambitious people, Paul taught God’s judgment would come. Just as God rightly judges the people seeking His ways, He rightly judges the selfishly ambitious. Those who seek what they want without caring about other people or God store up wrath and indignation instead of treasures in heaven for the day of judgment. Though God pours kindness on these selfishly ambitious people to lead them to repentance (Romans 2:4), they continue to walk in unrighteousness. While God in His forbearance showed these unrighteous people His kindness, they chose to live by seeking self. On God’s day of judgment, unrighteous-selfishly ambitious-people will receive His wrath and indignation. This wrath will pour out passionately against their sins in indignation that is in intense opposition against sin. God jealously loves each person and fights for each person by battling sin. He loves us so much He battles sin for us to give us the chance to seek Him and receive His forgiveness, and eternal life with Him.

Questions for reflection:
·         Do you strive always to go for the next rung on the ladder wanting more wealth or fame?
·         Does that seeking wealth and fame sometimes cause hurt for another person?
·         That self-seeking also causes hurt in your relationship with God. He wants to love you, lead you, and be in an eternal love relationship with you.
·         Self-seeking and ignoring God will bring His wrath and indignation on judgment day.
·         What keeps you from seeking God and His kingdom? Are you afraid you won’t have enough money to live on or you won’t rise above the status of your past? Give it to God. Repent. Turn to Him giving Him your life and seeking His will.

God’s Righteous Judgment

With verses nine and ten, Paul reiterated for clarity what God’s judgment would be for people who seek Him and those who choose to turn away from Him. He said in verses nine and ten, “There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek, but glory and honor and peace to every man who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek.”

The "tribulation" Paul spoke of in verse nine comes from the Greek word thlipsis. It means feeling hemmed in especially by internal pressure so that a person feels confined and restricted without options. The "distress" Paul spoke of is a difficult circumstance that God authorized. It causes anguish. Remember, nothing can come against a person without God’s permission. He will allow trials to grow a person closer to Him or, if a person chooses to walk away from God, they appear to be punishment. Paul said in this verse, for every person who does evil (malice that flows outward in action and word from a morally rotten character), times of feeling hemmed in without options will come. God will also allow times of distress to come to lead a person back to Him or to punish the person who does evil. Paul dictated later in Romans 8:35-39, even when people go through distressing times and times of trial, nothing can separate a person from the love of God through Jesus Christ. He is there ready to fight the battle for you and give you rest as you go through them with Him.

Notice Paul added a dependent clause to verses nine and ten. He said these judgments of God would come on the Jew first then also the Greek. Just as God’s salvation came to the Jews first then spread to non-Jews by proclamation of the gospel, so God’s judgment will fall first on the Jews then the Greeks.  Peter said in 1 Peter 4:17 “For it is time for judgment to begin with God’s household; and if it begins with us, what will the outcome be for those who do not obey the gospel?” God will judge every person, those to whom God revealed Himself first through the gospel, then to the others. No one will be exempt from God’s judgment. Paul explained the person who did evil and did not repent and turn to God will go through tribulation and distress.

With verse ten, Paul explained God’s judgment of the person who does good-what is upright, honorable, and acceptable to Him. To these people, He will give glory, honor, and peace. For the people who sought glory while on earth, they would not have it forever. For those who sought to do God’s righteous will, He would give them glory for eternity. Besides that, God would give honor to the person of righteous living. He would show them respect. To have righteous God give you honor would be like the president of a nation bowing down to you. This means you have value and respect from God and from people. The person who does good would also receive the peace of God. This peace is peace of mind and welfare. Nothing can separate you from God and His love. This peace is also a wholeness that comes from God making that person complete in and through Him. It results from God’s uniting with the person so he/she receives cleansing physically, emotionally, and mentally, and joins spiritually with Him into a wholeness. This honor, glory, and peace of God upon a person is for all who do good, the good of God empowered by Him through faith.

Once again, this judgment and reward for those who do God’s good is for the Jew first and also the Greek. Paul said this because the gospel went to the Jew first and then to the Greek, the rest of the world. God wants all people to return to Him through forgiveness and faith. He does not look at one nation, tribe, or language group and condemn them because of some characteristic. God calls all people to come to Him. Paul made this clear in 2 Timothy 2:3b-4 when he said, “God our Savior desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.” God wants all people (anthropos) to receive salvation and be in a relationship with Him, the truth.

Questions for reflection:
·         Where do you stand with God? Are you doing what you want and deserve the negative judgment from Him?
·         Have you repented and turned toward God following Him with your heart and obeying Him because of your love for Him?
·         God’s heart is to be in a relationship with you.

God’s Impartial Judgment

The second main truth of Romans 2 becomes clear after Paul taught on what God considers righteous and unrighteous actions and thoughts. Paul ensured the Romans addressed by this letter understood God will judge people who did and did not have His Laws because of their actions and their hearts. Neither Jew nor Greek is exempt. With verse eleven, Paul stated unequivocally how God judged. He said, “For there is no partiality with God.”

For the people to whom Paul wrote in this letter, this truth was very significant. Remember, the Roman emperors persecuted the Jews. Later, Nero persecuted the Christians and blamed them for the great fire of Rome in July 63 A.D. The Jews of Rome bickered with the God-followers and later the Jesus-followers. The Jewish-background believers debated with the Gentile-background believers. The people of Rome who treasured peace (pax Romana) felt they had to live with no peace from these monotheistic worshipers. Each group of people felt they were more right, and judged the others. Paul said in Romans no person can judge another because each person has sinned (2:1). Only God is righteous and can judge. Therefore, God will judge all people because everyone sins.

With this section, understanding the mindset of “us” and “them” in Rome, Paul stated God judges impartially. The word “partiality” comes from the Greek word prosopolempsia. It means favoritism where the outward circumstances of a person, not his/her inner merits, determines the judgment. With God, no person would be worthier of favoritism because of being rich, high-born, or powerful. A person without these statuses are not less worthy than the rich, high-born, or powerful. With the truth about God in this verse, Paul said God would not look at the outward appearance of a person, and what he/she does or owns when making His judgment. He would look at each person’s heart. God would have no favorites-would not be prejudiced-because He loves all people and shows kindness to lead them to repentance. Moses spoke of this in Deuteronomy 10:17 when he said God does not show partiality, nor take a bribe. Luke said this in Acts 10:34 when he recorded Peter saying, “I most certainly understand now that God is not one to show partiality.” 

God is impartial. He does not show favoritism. God judges each person according to his/her heart and actions. To the person who does good, He gives glory, honor, peace, and eternal life. For the person who does evil, God will give tribulation and distress. Why does God judge this way? He wants everyone to come to know Him and be in a right relationship with Him. God rewards people who do good and righteous deeds and wants to reward all people with good things from Himself-glory, honor, peace, and eternal life.

Questions for reflection
·         Where do you stand with God?
·         Will God reward you with glory, honor, peace, and eternal life?
·         Will He reward you with tribulation and distress?
·         Each person has a choice to repent and believe in Jesus Christ as the Son of God. What will you choose?


In verses five through eleven, Paul taught God is impartial in His judgment. God’s judgment is righteous and that of humanity is flawed because each person is sinful. Paul said people who sin have stubborn and unrepentant hearts. They seek to serve themselves instead of considering God’s best. This can cause harm to one’s self and other people, and it causes a chasm to rise between God and that person.

Paul said God will judge each person on the day of judgment and wrath according to his/her deeds. For people who persevere in doing good and seeking to bring glory and honor to God, God will reward eternal life. The people who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but instead are unrighteousness, will receive wrath and indignation. This wrath and indignation of God will come about as tribulation and distress. In case the Jews who prided themselves on following God’s Law thought themselves better than other people and considered themselves above God’s judgment, Paul said God would judge the Jews first. God is impartial and will judge all people according to the revelation they received from Him. No one will be exempt from God’s judgment. The Jews understood this if they recalled Moses’ teaching. God looks at the heart of a person.

Conclusion and Relevance

Circumcision of the heart as Paul spoke of in Romans 2:29 is a heart that is pure and separated unto God for His will and service. Moses taught about it in Deuteronomy 30:6 when he said, “The LORD your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants so that you may love Him with all your heart and with all your soul and live.” The Jewish man circumcised his foreskin to show his agreement to the old covenant of Israel with God. Circumcision of the heart indicates being set apart to love God fully, inside and out. The Pharisees took pride in their physical heritage boasting about circumcision. John the Baptist warned them if they did not circumcise their hearts, God could raise up children for Abraham, those who were non-Jews (Matthew 3:9). Paul told the Galatians in Galatians 3:29 the true seed of Abraham are the ones who follow Abraham’s example and believe in God. Physical circumcision does not make a person a child of God. Faith does. It was why God called Abraham His child. God reckoned his faith to him as righteousness. Jeremiah told the Israelites to circumcise their hearts or God’s wrath would break out and burn like fire because of the evil they did.

Each of us does wrong, we go against God’s moral laws. No one can hide from Him. God sees everyone and everything they do. He knows where you are and knows your heart, actions, and words. After Paul wrote each section to the pagans, Greeks, and Jews, he quoted King David in Romans 3:10-12. He said, “There is none righteous, not even one. There is none who understands. There is none who seeks for God. All have turned aside, together they have become useless. There is none who does good. There is not even one.”

Not one person is sinless. We each sin. Yet, God loves us. He made a way for us to be in a right relationship with Him. That way was the perfect sacrifice for sins. It was not a pure white lamb or dove, but the death of His sinless Son, Jesus Christ. Jesus loves us so much, He took our penalty, God’s judgment, and paid the price for our sins. He chose to die in our places so we could live forever with God in His kingdom. This was God’s plan from the beginning of time. He wanted nothing to separate us from Him and provided the way for the cleansing and justification of each person. This way caused Him pain. It caused Jesus much agony, but He loves us so much He willingly died for all people. When a person turns toward God, repents, and believes in Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit circumcises his/her heart.

Paul put it this way in Romans 5:6-8
For while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous man; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die. But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Know this-
you are Sinful
God Loves you
Jesus Died to pay for your judgment

What will you do –
Harden your heart or
Repent and turn toward God through faith in Jesus Christ?

Thursday, November 23, 2017

God's Truths and Judgment (part 1)


In chapter one of Romans, Paul taught the “saints” of Rome about the gospel and told of his calling by God to be His apostle. He blessed them and thanked God for them. Paul gave a thematic statement for this letter: the righteousness of God. He explained God’s wrath would come upon each person who is ungodly and unrighteous. Paul further explained that even pagans have no excuse for their ungodliness. He wrote God reveals Himself through creation and His continuing creative process in the world. This natural revelation of God tells the natural order of things and reveals God and His code for right living.

With the last Bible study taken from Romans 1:23-32, Paul made sure the Romans understood God sees everyone’s sins. He taught against sins of the heart, body, and mind in verses twenty-three through thirty-two. Paul wrote against idolatry (vs. 23-25), sexual deviance (vs. 26-27) and gave a list of sins coming from a depraved mind (vs. 29-31). He ensured the “saints” of Rome realized each of these made a person “worthy of death” because they go against the ordinances of God (vs. 32).

From the beginning of Romans 2, Paul spoke specifically to Jews and Greeks. In this chapter, he stated four main truths of God, which he emphasized with rhetorical questions. These main truths are in verses two, eleven, sixteen, and twenty-nine. Verse two says, “And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things.” Paul said in verse eleven, “For there is no partiality with God.” With verse sixteen, Paul said, “God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus.” He ended the chapter in verse twenty-nine by saying, “Circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, and not by the letter; and his [the righteous person] praise is not from men, but from God.” With the foundation of these verses and more to come in later chapters, Paul laid out an understanding of God’s truths and judgment, the sinfulness of humanity, and the salvation God provides.

In this Bible study, we will study and understand what Paul said in Romans 2:1-4. Paul explained no person can judge and condemn anyone. He said God bases His judgment on truth. Paul used rhetorical questions to emphasize every person is a sinner and so is disqualified to be a judge. He said God is righteous and no one will escape His judgment. God is the perfect, righteous Judge. Finally, Paul aimed for the hearts of his readers and listeners. He taught with the second rhetorical question that God’s kindness leads us to repentance. Let’s begin our study of verses one through four.

God’s Truths

In chapter two, Paul used a technique in this letter to the Romans that he used in other letters, and that writers and teachers of the time often practiced. He used rhetorical questions to make his point. By asking rhetorical questions that sounded ridiculous, the truthful answer emphasized the point Paul wanted the people to understand in this teaching. Verses three through four, and eighteen through twenty-three use this rhetorical method of teaching. With the Bible study of chapter three, more rhetorical questions occur. We will study each of them as they occur in other Bible studies in this series on Romans.

Though I titled this section “God’s Truth,” we must understand Paul inserted God’s truths throughout this letter. The four basic truths in this chapter set the foundation for the letter to the Romans. These truths speak of God’s righteousness, justice, and impartiality, the unrighteousness of each person, and God’s mercy and grace. In Romans 2:1-4, two statements of fact/truth occur-God bases His judgment on truth and all people are sinners. Let’s consider these four verses closer. Read what Paul wrote in Romans 2:1-4,

Therefore, you are without excuse, every man of you who passes judgment, for in that you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls upon those who practice such things. And do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment upon those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance? (NASB)

Each Person is a Sinner

First, with verse one, Paul spoke to each hearer and reader of this letter-Jew, Greek, and pagan-of that time and each one since then. Though he wrote to the pagans specifically in chapter one, he implied the chapter was for all people. With chapter two, Paul spoke specifically to Jews and Greeks, but implied the lessons were for every person. God did not send His Son, Jesus, to die for some people, but for all people. Paul understood this.

Paul began Romans 2:1 with the word, “therefore.” This means his next statement hangs on what he said in the preceding verses. In chapter one, Paul ended by giving a list of sins of the heart, body, and mind. With chapter two, he said, because of these sins, you have no excuse. He wanted every person to recognize they each are sinners and are unrighteous. Because of that, no one has an excuse for passing judgment, Paul said. This word “excuse” comes from the Greek word anapologetos. It literally means no (an) defense or argument (apologetos). For what did Paul say no one has an excuse? Why did he say no excuse exists for anyone? In Romans 1:20, Paul said no person has an excuse to say he/she did not know God and what is right or wrong because people can know Him through creation, natural order, and His active creative presence in the world. From chapter one that meant no person has an excuse for sin by saying they did not know God. For Romans 2, this idea carries forward. Paul said people have no reason to judge other people for their sins since each of them is a sinner. No one is righteous and can judge another person because each person does the same sins for which they judge the other. Only a person without sin may judge someone else. No one is righteous and so no one can point a finger and decide someone else deserves punishment. Paul said this at the end of verse one when he said, “for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself.” When we say someone has done evil, that same thing the person did is evil when we do it, too. Our condemnation of the sin condemns us, too. God condemns each person-judges as guilty and worthy of punishment-because of his/her sins. If a person judges another person for his/her wrongdoing, but does the same, that judge is a hypocrite.

Consider these Bible passages. Nathan, the prophet, called King David on the same thing in 2 Samuel 12:5-7. In this passage, David condemned the rich man who took a poor man’s sheep to feed a traveler instead of one of his own sheep. Nathan said David did the same thing by taking another man’s wife for his own use. Jesus emphasized this in Matthew 7:1 in the Sermon on the Mount when he told the listeners, “Do not judge lest you be judged.” Jesus, when confronted with a woman caught in adultery, wrote on the ground and then said, “He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her.” [John 8:7, (NASB)] Paul continued this teaching later in Romans 14:22 when he said, “Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approved.” The point of truth Paul made in verse one is each person is a sinner and that disqualifies him/her from being a judge of other people’s sins.
Questions for Reflection:

·         Do you recognize you have done wicked things, said evil things, and contemplated vile thoughts? These make you a sinner. Every person who has ever lived was a sinner.
·         Of what have you considered that is evil in God’s sight? What have you done that is a sin? What words have you spoken that do not honor God? You are a sinner.
·         Do you realize then, you have no right to judge another person? You are not blameless so how can you judge someone else who is not blameless?

God’s Judgment is Righteous

Paul continued from that idea and made a bold statement about God with verse two. He said, “And we know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those people who practice such things.” With this statement coming directly after verse one teaching no person is righteous and, thus, cannot judge another person, Paul said God rightly judges. Paul is not the only Bible writer to declare God a righteous judge. David said it in Psalm 50:6 when he said, “And the heavens declare His righteousness, for God Himself is judge.” Jeremiah 11:20 speaks of God as the righteous judge. Genesis 18:25 records Abraham declaring God is a righteous judge who would not let His righteous people perish when He judged the wicked.

As we continue to study verse two, we must look at the words Paul used. The word “know” comes from the Greek word oikeios, which means having seen, perceived, and, therefore, know. This knowing comes from experience of God and/or with God. The pagans experienced God through creation and His continuing creative process. Later in Romans, Paul said the Greeks knew God through their consciences and the Jews through the Laws of God. The word “rightly” comes from the Greek word kata. This rightness comes down from a higher plane to a lower plane and has its basis on God’s characteristics of righteousness and truth, based on His being. With these two words taken together, this verse means, we recognize from experience with and watching God that His judgment is right and deserved. It comes from His righteousness upon people who sin in word, thought, and action (heart, mind, and body). People, because of their sins, fall short of God’s standards of right living; they miss the mark.

Because each person is sinful and not righteous, he/she cannot judge fairly. That person's condemnation of a sin in another person would condemn him or herself because he/she practice sin, too. Yet God is righteous and can pass judgment down upon each person because of his/her sin. Added to this, John stated in 1 John 1:9, God’s faithfulness-His kindness-extends to people who confess. He said, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (NASB) Paul spoke about this in Romans 2:4.
Questions for Reflection:

·         Have you stopped and acknowledged for yourself God exists, He is mighty, and He is righteous?
·         Have you recognized you do not qualify to be God? You are not righteous.
·         Will you admit you are sinful?

Rhetorical Questions Emphasize the Points

With verses three and four, Paul emphasized the points from verses one and two by asking rhetorical questions. The people contemplated the things about which Paul asked, but recognized the true answers in their hearts. With these questions, Paul addressed people’s ideas that God does not see their sins and, thus, they will go unjudged.

Will You Escape Judgment?

In verse three, Paul’s first question was, “Do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment on those who practice such things and do the same yourself that you will escape the judgment of God?” This question is straightforward in Greek and English. Paul spoke to anthropos, not men, but all people. Do you suppose you will escape the due judgment for the sins you do of which you convict another person with your judgment of him/her? This question reiterates Paul’s idea in verse one. The thing for which any person judges another is the same thing for which God will judge us, too. God sees everything-every sin-each person does, says, and thinks.

Jesus illustrated this point in Matthew 12:21-35 with the parable of the unforgiving debtor. A king wanted to settle accounts with his slaves. One slave owed him ten thousand talents (60,000,000 denarii or $34,800,000) and could not pay it. The king ordered the sale of his family to pay the debt. The slave begged the king to have patience and he would repay his debt. The king had compassion on the slave and granted a reprieve.  Upon leaving the king’s presence, the slave began collecting from people who owed him. He confronted and began choking a fellow slave demanding repayment of his 100 denarii (about $58), then put him in prison. When the king heard of this, he scolded the slave and said he should have had compassion on the other slave like he himself gave to him for his debt of ten thousand talents ($34,800,000). The king had that slave put into prison because he did not learn from his master and showed no mercy or compassion on his fellow slave. The first slave was no better than the second slave. They both owed a debt. The first slave deigned to judge the second harshly when he himself owed much more. God is like the king in this parable. He knows everything each person does. He chooses to have compassion and show mercy to us; still, people choose to be unmerciful and uncompassionate. Their judgment is skewed and marred by their own sinfulness.

God’s compassion and mercy comes from His love. His judgments come from His righteousness. The slave’s judgment came from his lack of compassion and righteousness. He skewed his judgment in his own favor. The slave showed contempt for the king and his compassionate judgment of him when he did not follow the king’s example. The king’s final judgment of this slave came against him because of the slave’s lack of compassion and mercy.

Paul’s first rhetorical question was, “Do you suppose you will escape God’s judgment when you do the same sin for which you judge another?” The peoples’ first answer would have been, “Yes.” They thought they could escape God’s judgment of their sins.  Yet, they understood in their hearts the answer was rightly, “No.” They realized no sin escapes the knowledge of God. People answer this same question in the same way even today. This question leads to several truths.

1.      Every person sins and is a sinner.
2.      God knows your sin and rightly judges it.
3.      You cannot escape from your sin or His judgment.

Questions for Reflection:

·         What sins have you committed? Where have you given in to temptation?
·         Have you ever really battled not to give in to temptation? Maybe you drink too much alcohol, or take illegal drugs, or beat your family members. Maybe you cheat on your taxes, tell small lies, or have an emotional attachment to someone who is not your spouse. These are each sins. There are many others.
·         Have you realized you cannot hide these sins or yourself from God? There is nowhere you go and nothing you do that keeps you hidden from Him. His right judgment will happen.

Do You Disregard the Riches of God’s Kindness?

In verse four, Paul asked a second rhetorical question. The people would answer, “No,” but would realize in their hearts based on the way they lived, the answer was really “Yes.” Paul asked in verse four, “Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?”

Beginning this question with the word “or” makes the reader focus on what came before this verse. The “or” in this verse means “as opposed to.” The word “lightly” comes from the Greek word kataphroneo, which means to disregard, or consider unimportant. Paul’s “riches” means an uncountable quantity of riches of spiritual and material wealth. In this verse, Paul spoke of the wealth of God’s kindness, forbearance, and patience. “Kindness” is God’s goodness, gentleness, and uprightness toward people. “Forbearance” is God’s mercy withholding judgment. This forbearance is His patient endurance hoping each person will turn to Him as his/her God. The Greek word used here for "forbearance" occurs only twice in the New Testament, here and in Romans 3:25.  Romans 3:25 speaks of God presenting Christ as a sacrifice to demonstrate His righteousness, because, in His forbearance, He had left the sins committed before unpunished. “Patience” is God’s waiting a long time before expressing anger. This expresses God’s divinely regulated patience, longer than we can think or imagine.

Understanding these words allows us to realize Paul asked the Romans if they took lightly God’s riches of kindness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing the kindness of God leads to repentance. God gave His forbearance and patience toward us-all people-so His kindness would lead us to seek Him, repent, and become His children through salvation. Exodus 34:6 speaks of this same thing when it records Moses teaching the Israelites the LORD is compassionate and gracious. He is slow to anger and abounding in love and faithfulness. Paul spoke again about God’s patience and mercy in 1 Timothy 1:16 when he wrote, “And yet for this reason I found mercy, in order that in me as the foremost [blasphemer, persecutor, and violent aggressor, as he said in 1 Timothy 1:14], Jesus Christ might demonstrate His perfect patience, as an example for those who would believe in Him for eternal life.”  Peter spoke about God’s patience and desire that no one perish in 2 Peter 3:9. He further wrote in 2 Peter 3:15, the Lord’s patience means our salvation.

In Romans 2:4, Paul meant through this rhetorical question, if you think God does not see your sins and you will escape His judgment, and if you think lightly of His riches of kindness, forbearance, and patience, you do not realize that He shows His great kindness to you to lead you to repentance. You are blind to Him and focused solely upon yourself and your selfish ambition. The life you want to lead is of more value to you than God’s riches of kindness, forbearance, and patience. You consider His riches a small thing compared to doing what you want. This means you contemptuously throw God’s riches back into His face.

Paul ended this section with a profound statement. He said, God’s kindness leads you to repentance. God gives his kindness out of His compassion so each person will be saved from a judgment of eternal separation from Him. Paul’s second rhetorical question was, “Or do you think lightly of God’s riches, not knowing His kindness was to lead you to repentance?” The peoples’ first answer would have been, “No, they do not think lightly of God’s riches,” but they recognized in their hearts the answer was actually, “Yes.” They cared more about what they wanted to do than loving God by obeying Him. They did not consider God’s riches of kindness, forbearance, and patience worthy of consideration when they decided to do what they wanted. People today answer this question the same way. This question leads people to God’s truths.

1.      God wants everyone to be saved from their sins and the judgment due because of their sins.
2.      God is compassionate, merciful, and patient. He wants no one to be eternally separated from Him and His love.
3.      God’s kindness to you is to lead you to repentance.

Questions for Reflection:

·         Do you think lightly of God’s love, mercy, and patience?
·         Do you think, “Oh, He won’t care; I’m too small a fish in this big world?”
·         Do you understand God continues to show you kindness instead of judgment hoping you will repent and return to Him?
·         Understand, you are not too small in this big world for Him to love you. He loves you and sent His Son to die for you so He could be in a relationship with you.
·         What will you do now knowing of this great love of God?


Though this section of chapter two is small, it carries great meaning. Paul taught the Roman saints and other hearers and readers about God’s truths. Each person sins. Those sins separate the person from Him. Isaiah understood sin separates each person from God. He said in Isaiah 59:2, “Your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden His face from you, so that he does not hear.” (NASB) God sees the sins of each person. No one is qualified to judge and condemn another person for his/her sins. God is righteous and because of this, He alone is qualified to judge. His judgments are right. God wants everyone to be saved.  His kindness, forbearance, and patience lead people to repentance. Peter said in 2 Peter 3:9b, “God is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish, but for all to come to repentance.” (NASB)

From these truths, Paul continued in chapter two to lay the foundation for the gospel of Christ’s saving grace for all people. In Romans 2:11, he said God is an impartial judge. He proved no person is qualified to be a judge because everyone is sinful and “looking out for number one.” People are prejudiced, but God is impartial. With this next truth from verse eleven, the readers and hearers of the letter to the Romans will understand better why God is the most qualified to judge sinners. Paul then led them to understand even the Jews are not exempt from God’s judgment, though God set them aside as His people. He said in verse sixteen, God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus. What that means we will learn in a later Bible study. The final main truth of chapter two reveals a Jew-a true believer in God-is one whose heart the Holy Spirit circumcises.  We will understand each of these foundational points as we continue our study of Romans.

Conclusion and Relevance

No person exists, ever lived, or will live that is perfect, except the Son of God who came to live in human form among the people of earth. God knew humanity would corrupt His gift of free-will by selfish ambition and desire. For this reason, He planned from the beginning of time to have the Messiah-the anointed One, His Son-to be born a human on earth, live a sin-free life, die a judgment for sin yet be sin-free, and rise from death the victor over sin and death. From the beginning of the Bible to the end, God’s word points to this Messiah, and the salvation and restoration of humanity to a relationship with Him forever.

Should we ever consider ourselves greater than others, Jesus pointed the way to lead us to be the servant of others. He said, “Whoever wishes to be great among you, shall be your servant.” [Matthew 20:26 (NASB)] Continually throughout time, prophets and men of God said no one is sin-free (righteous) and can judge other people. [Romans 3:10, Psalm 14:1-3, & 53:1-3] Only God is righteous. Yet, we can always remember what John taught in 1 John 1:9, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (NASB)

If you are already a believer in Jesus Christ and Christ justified you to the Father, you are still a sinner and can walk away from God and His ways. Still, you have the hope of Christ in you. Just as God told King Solomon and he taught to the Israelites in 2 Chronicles 7:14, we, too, can receive cleansing and renewed life when we humble ourselves, pray, and repent before God. In this passage, God said, “If My people, who are called by My name, humble themselves and pray and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.” (NASB)

God is faithful to His promises. He will forgive you if you seek Him and humbly repent. God said He is just and will forgive you.

Today you have a choice:

If you are not already a believer, but recognize you are a sinner and want forgiveness and a right relationship with God, pray to Him.

1.      Admit you are a sinner.
2.      Believe Jesus is the Son of God whom He sent to die your sin judgment.
3.      Confess Jesus as your Lord.

God’s kindness has kept His final judgment back so you could have the chance to come to repentance, Paul said in Romans 2:4.

If you are already a believer and recognize you have walked away from God, come back to God.

1.      Humble yourself before Him.
2.      Repent of your sins and.
3.      Turn away from that wickedness.

God will forgive and restore you.

Every one of us has sinned. We have all fallen short of God’s glory. (Romans 3:23)

What we deserve for sinning against God is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life with Christ Jesus our Lord. (Romans 6:23)

(Note: All Bible passages are from the New American Standard Bible)