David, the Ruler for God
(Sunday School Lesson for Pre-teens)
(Sunday School Lesson for Pre-teens)
2 Samuel 8
Memory Verse: 2 Samuel 8:15 “David reigned over all Israel, doing what was just and right for all his people.”
A. What has David done up to this point?
B. Was God pleased with him?
C. Was David always pleasing to God?
II. Today’s study – God Rewards His Faithful Servant
A. God expands David’s kingdom by giving David victory over his enemies (vs. 1-15)
1. Philistines (on the west) – defeated and took control of chief city – Gath
2. Moab (on the southeast) – Moabites come from Lot’s daughter’s son, Moab; defeated, killed most and made others his servants.
3. Zobah (in the north in Syria, northeast of Damascus) – defeated the prince of Zobah, Hadadezer. Took rule over the land to the Euphrates River. Captures 1700 horsemen, 20,000 foot soldiers, kept 100 horses.
4. Arameans of Syria/Aram (north, below Hamath) – they descended from the 5th grandson of Shem, son of Noah. David killed 22,000 Arameans and put garrisons (military posts). Arameans served David and brought tribute to him.
5. AND THE LORD HELPED DAVID WHEREVER HE WENT. (vs. 6). David took to Jerusalem the shields of gold carried by servants of Hadadezer of Zodah. From cities of Zodah (of Hadadezer) David took very large amount of bronze. (vs. 8)
6. Hamath and King Toi (north in Hamath, above Arameans and Zobah) – thanked David for defeating his enemies (Hadadezer) and thanked and blessed him by sending silver, gold, and bronze by his son, Joram. (vs. 10)
7. DAVID ALSO DEDICATED THESE TO THE LORD WITH THE SILVER AND GOLD HE DEDICATED FROM ALL THE NATIONS HE SUBDUED. (vs. 11) From Aram, Moab, Ammon, Philistines, Amalek, Zobah.
8. Arameans of Syria (Syria below Hamath) – David made name for himself by killing 18,000 Arameans in Valley of Salt(in the southeast) .(vs. 13)
9. Edom (southeast) – descendants from Esau, Jacob’s twin brother. David put garrisons in Edom (southeast). They becamse servants to David. (vs. 14)
10. AND THE LORD HELPED DAVID WHEREVER HE WENT. (VS. 14B)
11. David reigned over all Israel with justice and righteousness for all his people. (vs. 15)
B. David’s Leaders (vs. 16-18)
1. Joab – leader of the army
2. Jehoshaphat – recorder/chronicler/one who brings to memory/recall (zakar)
3. Zadok and Ahitub – priests
4. Seraiah – secretary/scribe (capher)
5. Benaiah – leader of David’s mercenaries, his personal body guards (Cherethites) and couriers and guardsmen (Pelethites)
6. David’s sons – chief rulers and officials at David’s side over the people. (1 Chronicles 18:17)
C. Teaching Points – (from “David: Seeking a Heart Like His” by Beth Moore)
1. David cooperated with God – In 2 Sam. 7:10-11 God promised David he would give the nation of Israel rest from her enemies. David did not just sit back and wait for God to fulfill His promises. He obeyed God’s calling him to the battlefield to participate in the victory. When God assures us of a promise, He desires we respond by assuming a position of cooperation in the fulfillment of that promise. Other times God tells us to sit still and wait. Wisdom involves learning to know the difference – to sit, stand, or move.
2. Avid left a ray of hope - David did not just annihilate his enemy and leave the nation destroyed. God didn’t tell him to do that. His God-given motive for battling his enemies was to make the nation subservient/submissive/compliant. David left a remnant in the nations. He hoped they would come to worship Yahweh. He was a different kind of king for that day in that he wanted the people to worship God; he did not want them completely destroyed.
3. Literal dedication to God – David did not confuse the source of his strength and victory. He knew it came from God. Any rewards he got from battle he immediately dedicated them to the Lord. If he was praised for his success, he gave the praise to God. He dedicated the gold, silver, and bronze to God. Dedicate comes from the word qadowsh and means to consecrate to God and declare and treat as holy.
4. David ruled with justice and righteousness – Justice and righteousness reflect back to God and who He is. David had these virtues because he was God’s man. At this point, David most completely fulfilled his calling and reflected the kingdom of God to come, Jesus Christ.
5. David had a wisdom for administration – He knew growth of a kingdom required a greater need for administration. David delegated authority and responsibility. A leader needs help.
These are just some of the virtues of David who God called a man after His own heart. He was at the top of his kingship at this point. We can learn from his life most at this point.
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